Steroid eye drops for episcleritis

Prostaglandin analogs may cause changes in iris color and eyelid skin, growth of eyelashes , stinging, blurred vision , eye redness, itching, and burning. Beta blockers' side effects include low blood pressure , reduced pulse rate , fatigue , shortness of breath, and in rare occasions, reduced libido and depression . Alpha agonists can cause burning or stinging, fatigue, headache , drowsiness , dry mouth and nose , and also they have a higher likelihood of allergic reaction. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors may cause stinging, burning, and eye discomfort. [7]

These eye drops and ointments contain a combination of a steroid and one or more types of antibiotic for treatment of infection and inflammation of the eye. The steroid reduces inflammation while the antibiotic treats or prevents infection which may be the cause of the infection. Examples of steroids that are used in these eye drops are hydrocortisone, loteprednol, prednisolone, and dexamethasone . Examples of antibiotics used in these formulations include tobramycin, neomycin, bacitracin, polymixin B, and gentamycin. These antibiotics have different mechanisms of action and two or three may be combined in one formulation.

In the injection group, mean IOP decreased from ± mmHg (baseline) to ± mmHg at 1 week (p = ). The topical group had a stable IOP at 1 week ( ± mmHg) compared to baseline ( ± mmHg; p = ). At 1 month, mean IOP was ± mmHg (p = ) in the injection group and ± mmHg (p = ) in the topical group. The intragroup changes were neither statistically significant nor clinically relevant at any postoperative visit. Both groups had the highest values of intraocular inflammation at the 1-week postoperative visit, followed by a decline to barely traceable levels at 1 month. The difference was not clinically relevant at any postoperative visit.

Steroid eye drops for episcleritis

steroid eye drops for episcleritis

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